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Chengdu Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan province in South West China. Sitting on the Min River, It is a port city and the commercial center of the Chengdu plain, the main farming area of Sichuan. Its irrigation system dates back to the 2nd cent. B.C. A transportation hub, it is the rail center for the South West. Products include textiles, processed foods, chemicals, machinery, railway equipment, aluminum, electronics, and paper. High-grade iron ore is mined at nearby Lugu. Chengdu, an old walled city, was in existence during the Ch'un-ch'iu period (475 B.C.). It was the capital of the Shu Han dynasty (3rd cent. A.D.) and one of the earliest (9th cent. A.D.) printing centers in China. A cultural seat since ancient times, it is commonly called little Beijing. Its numerous institutions of higher learning include Sichuan University and Chengdu Technical University and two medical colleges. The cottage where Tu Fu wrote his poetry (8th cent.) was restored in 1955. Chengdu's cuisine is considered to be one of China's most outstanding. The many local specialties include Grandma Chen's Bean Curd (Mapo doufu), Chengdu Hot pot, and Carrying Pole Noodles (Dan Dan Noodles).